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Danida

Danida is the term used for Denmark's development cooperation, which is an area of activity under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark.

Denmark has a long-standing tradition of fulfilling the UN goal that the world’s rich countries should contribute minimum 0.7 percent of the gross national income to development assistance. As one of very few countries in the world, Denmark has done so since 1978. Danida has the responsibility for the planning, implementation and quality assurance of Denmark’s development cooperation.

Denmark’s Strategy for Development Cooperation

In June 2021, Denmark adopted “The World We Share”, a new strategy for development cooperation. The strategy will set the direction for Danish development cooperation for the next four years, 2021-2025. The strategy centres on two strategic themes:

  • Creating hope and helping more people better in the world’s most challenging areas. This entails curbing poverty and inequality, fragility, conflict and displacement, and irregular migration.
  • Being in the front line in the fight for climate, nature, and environment – in order to ensure a world in balance.

Human rights and democracy will be the groundwork cutting across the strategy. This will be reflected in a particular focus to assist the most vulnerable groups and the rights of women and girls.

The process to launch a new strategy started in January 2021 and has entailed a consultation process yielding around 100 inputs from stakeholders (civil society organisations, the private sector, research organisations, citizens, etc.), many debates and events, and a round of political negotiations. The new strategy replaces the previous 2017 strategy “The World 2030”.

Denmark-Tanzania Cooperation

For decades, Tanzania has been one of the top recipients of Danish development assistance and Denmark is among the larger bilateral donors to the country.

The strategic focus areas of the assistance to Tanzania as well as Denmark’s view on Tanzania’s current and emerging challenges and opportunities is defined in the Denmark-Tanzania Country Program. The current country programme for Tanzania (2014-2020) has been extended to 2021 and additional funds were added, so that it now totals 2.05 billion DKK (approx.. 33 million USD).

The overall vision for the partner­ship with Tanzania is to enable all Tanzanians to take an active part in the country’s development and to ensure a continuation of its long history of peaceful coexistence, democracy and development. With this overall objective, the three main strategic objectives of Denmark’s cooperation with Tanzania are to assist and promote the Tanzanian government’s efforts to:

  1. Reduce poverty and inequality and to ensure equal access of quality social services,
  2. Promote inclusive green growth and employment, and
  3. Strengthen democracy, good governance, rule of law and respect for all human rights.

 

Transitional appropriation for the Tanzania-Denmark Country Programme

In 2021, additional DKK 100 million was allocated as a transitional appropriation for the Tanzania-Denmark country programme extending it by one year. The additional support has a clear focus on climate/green, health/SRHR, and youth/jobs.

The support within the areas of climate/green and youth/jobs focuses on accelerating implementation of PASS Trust’s Inclusive Green Growth strategy to promote and facilitate green investments within agriculture. A new partnership with Danish Refugee Council seeks to increased access to alternative and more sustainable energy for cooking and reducing environment degradation in refugee camps and host communities in Kigoma region. Within the area of youth/jobs, a new partnership with SNV will support implementation of the project Opportunities for Youth Employment. The project seeks to empower young women and men by enhancing their skills, increasing their access to finance, and creating opportunities and promoting green jobs. 

Within the area of health/SRHR, the support focuses on contributing to health systems strengthening and improved access to basic healthcare for all through the joint basket fund under the Ministry of Health. Further, support Marie Stopes Tanzania in their efforts to reduce the high number of unwanted pregnancies and bring down maternal mortality by providing increased access to family planning.

Economic Management and Fiscal Governance

The programme on Economic Management and Fiscal Governance aims at improving mobilisation and management of public funds for better and more equitable social service delivery, transparent and accountable governance, and a more conducive business environment for investment and sustainable growth.

To achieve the objectives programme supports different areas including:

Tax modernisation and revenue mobilisation

Denmark supports the modernisation of the tax system by contributing to make the tax administration more efficient and targeting long-term sustainable tax financing of the public sector and ultimately reducing Tanzania's dependency on foreign aid. The support involves basket funding to Tanzania Revenue Authority supplemented by technical assistance to facilitate capacity development within areas of ICT.

Research for Evidence-Based Policy-making

Denmark supports research collaboration with the Department of Economics, University of Dar es Salaam and REPOA to build capacity and promote independent evidence-based research for policymaking. Focus is on poverty alleviation and inclusive growth to contribute to development and socio-economic transformation.

Public Financial Management

Until June 2021 Denmark supported the government’s efforts to promote PFM reform through the Public Financial Management Reform programme. The support aimed at addressing areas of fiscal sustainability and balance in the public economy, reallocation and restructuring for growth and poverty alleviation and improved public sector performance.

Economic and Fiscal Governance

From 2017-2020 Denmark provided Sector budget support to the Ministry of Finance and Planning combined with a strategic dialogue with all relevant stakeholders. The support focused directly on budget credibility, administration and mobilisation of revenues, expenditure management for improved service delivery, and sound domestic accountability.

 

Health Sector Programme Support

Denmark has been a partner in the Tanzania health sector for several years and enjoyed the longstanding collaboration with the partners in the sector. Since 1996, the support has been provided through the long-term Health Sector Programme Support (HSPS). The current fifth phase of HSPS running from 2015-2019/20 continues a number of strategic elements and achievements of the previous efforts. The aim of the HSPS V is to improve the health and well-being of the poorest sections of the Tanzanian society by strengthening national systems to enhance the delivery of and equal access to quality health services for all.

The Danish support to health in Tanzania is divided in six engagements namely the Health Basket Fund and five Public Private Partnerships. The HSPS phase V has a total budget of DKK 550 million of which DKK 50 million are un-allocated. A part of the DKK 50 million will be programmed for health sector support on Zanzibar to continue the previous program ending in June 2017.

Health Basket Fund (HBF)

The major part of the Danish funds is channeled through the Health Basket Fund to support Tanzania’s Health Sector Strategic Plan (HSSP IV). Denmark was one of the founding partners of the HBF in 1999 and continued the support ever since. The HBF provides pooled donor funds to the health sector in Mainland Tanzania and is regarded as the most effective and aligned way of supporting the Government of Tanzania’s (GoT) efforts of improving the overall health in Tanzania. The engagement seeks to improve access to quality primary health care services for the poor.

The budget for the Health Basket Fund is DKK 300 million.

Public-Private Partnership (PPP)

Denmark provides targeted support to strengthen the cooperation between public and private partners, with the aim of stimulating and increasing the private sector’s active involvement in promoting access, availability and quality in health services. A large and growing share of health care provision is undertaken by the private sector. PPP targets institutions that enhance responsive and equitable health care provision with a strong public health focus, rather than profit-driven privatization.  In HSPS phase V, Denmark supports Sikika, Association of Private Health Facilities in Tanzania (APHFTA), Christian Social Services Commission (CSSC), Marie Stopes Tanzania (MST) and Comprehensive Community Based Rehabilitation in Tanzania (CCBRT).

The budget for the Public Private Partnership is DKK 200 million.

National health strategies

Partners

Health in Tanzania

 

Business Sector

Denmark has been supporting the Tanzanian business sector since the late 1990s. The purpose is to improve the business environment that is necessary for business to be competitive, grow and develop. The programme is currently in its fourth phase with a total budget of 600 million DKK for the period 2013-2019.

The Business Sector Programme Support (BSPS), currently in its fourth phase (BSPS IV), focuses on smallholder farmers and businesses related to agriculture including local processing of agricultural crops to add value to the crops. The aim of BSPS IV is to increase employment and income opportunities for farms and Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) in a way that is environmentally sound, and where businesses respect and promote human rights.

Denmark intends to contribute to Tanzania’s vision of becoming a middle-income country by 2020; Analysis shows that Tanzania needs a competitive business sector, which can create wealth, productive jobs and contribute to government revenue through paying tax.

Through three main initiatives, the design of BSPS IV addresses some of the major factors hindering private sector growth and employment:

Agricultural Markets Development Trust (AMDT)

AMDT forms the heart of the programme. Denmark – in collaboration with other donors in Tanzania – supports farmers and businesses within sunflower oil, maize and pulses production and processing in order to realize their growth potential. Key interventions include linking the farmers and the agri-businesses to relevant markets and supporting removal of obstacles, which prevent farmers and business from realizing their growth potential. Interventions under this, adding value locally to the selected crops, are facilitated and managed by AMDT, which is jointly financed by Denmark, Sweden, Ireland and Switzerland.

Improved Business Climate (LIC)

The initiative supports local government authorities and business communities in selected geographical regions of Dodoma and Kigoma to identify obstacles to business development and improve the implementation of the existing legal framework. Small infrastructure investments shall address identified obstacles, and thus help unlock local business potential and economic development.

Improved Access to Finance

This initiative focuses on finance for small and medium sized enterprises, agricultural finance and mobile money. The support is continuations and expansions of the Financial Sector Deepening Trust (FSDT) and the Private Agricultural Sector Support (PASS) Trust. Both organisations have been successful in facilitating access to finance for a large group of Tanzanians. The continued support will allow PASS and FSDT to reach a larger number of MSMEs, farmers and agribusinesses.

More information

Partners

Studies

 

Good Governance and Human Rights

Promotion of good governance and human rights are critical to enabling socio-economic transformations and improvements of lives through the eradication of structural inequality and poverty.

The Good Governance and Human Rights Programme has a strong focus on strengthening the voice for less privileged groups, such as women, youth and people living with disabilities  in Tanzania. The programme contributes to the overall objectives of the Country Programme, mainly through demand-side to counterbalance support to Government. The programme will empower the National Assembly, Commission for Good Governance and Human Rights (CHRAGG), Civil society organizations and citizens to (i) demand accountability and transparency from Government and (ii) promote and defend human rights, and in particular the rights of women and girls.

The programme is implemented through multilateral organisations UNDP and UN Women, as well as local civil society organisations TWAWEZA, Policy Forum, Foundation for Civil Society (FCS), Legal Services Facility (LSF), Tanzania Women in Media Association (TAMWA) and Femina Hip.

Demand accountability and transparency from Government

Accountability and transparency will be enhanced through a UNDP-coordinated multi-donor Legislature Support Project supporting the National Assembly to perform its core functions of citizen representation and executive oversight more effectively. Policy Forum focuses on budget analysis and monitoring of public expenditure and policy processes through its network of numerous organisations and its interaction with parliamentary committees. Twaweza focuses on improving open government through innovative approaches to social accountability, citizen engagement, and citizen-led monitoring of selected SDGs. Foundation for Civil Society (FCS) provides grants and capacity building to mainly rural organisations that promote accountability and government responsiveness.

Promote and defend human rights

Human rights, and in particular women’s rights, are promoted by support to women rights organisations through the Foundation for Civil Society (FCS) to advocate against traditional harmful practices (FGM), land rights and participation for women. The Legal Services Facility (LSF) is increasing access to justice and legal empowerment for women and girls. The Commission for Human Rights and Good Governance (CHRAGG), Tanzania’s National Human Rights Institution, provides a mechanism for protection of human rights to resolve human rights and governance grievances.

Through media campaigns against gender-based violence, TAMWA Zanzibar seeks to influence behaviour change in the communities. Femina Hip promotes behaviour change among youth, especially girls, in empowerment on sexual and reproductive health and rights, voice and participation.

In the short-term, change is expected in terms of a stronger and more vocal civil society, increasingly demanding transparency and responsive governance from duty bearers, as well as increased access to justice for women and men. A particular change is expected in terms of increased awareness of and respect for women’s rights.

The Embassy also seeks to ensuring equal participation of women in peace and security through a UN Women-coordinated project supporting the development of Tanzania’s first National Action Plan to operationalise the Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security.

 

Danida's Anti-Corruption Policy

The Danish Embassy in Dar es Salaam is working according to the Anti-Corruption Policy developed for the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

The Anti-Corruption Policy and the definition of Corruption is found here: Anti-Corruption (um.dk). You can also read about how the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs define zero tolerance towards corruption.

To learn more about anti-corruption research, you can visit the U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre web page, here you will also find some practical guidelines. The U4 institute receives support from Denmark.

If you want to report on suspected misuse of Danish Development support, go to this link: Report Corruption (um.dk)

 

Research Programmes and Danida Fellowship Centre

Development research is an important tool for Denmark in order to deliver first class development assistance and for developing countries to fight poverty and create development.

The Danish support to development research takes place through The Consultative Research Committee on Development Research (FFU), Building Stronger Universities (BSU) and support to international research. You can read more about the modalities here.

Denmark supports several projects in Tanzania through FFU including pilot research projects as well as support to centres, networks, platforms and support to international research. For information regarding projects in Tanzania, please visit Danida Research Portal. The portal contains a database of basic information about current and recently funded research projects with links to project websites and publications (where available).

Danida Fellowship Centre (DFC) implements fellowships and administrates research activities as part of the Danish development assistance programme. Read more about DFC here.